Ålands fredsinstitut
The Åland Islands Peace Institute

Hamngatan 4/PB85
AX-22101 Mariehamn, Åland, Finland
Tel. +358 18 15570
peace@peace.ax
For more contact information click here.

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Publication about
the Åland Example

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Ongoing Research Projects

The three year long research project “Demilitarisation in an Increasingly Militarised World. International perspectives in a multilevel framework – the case of the Åland Islands” is a cooperation between researchers at the Åland Islands Peace Institute and the Arctic Center (University of Lapland, Rovaniemi). Research is supported by the Kone foundation and the Åland Culture Foundation (Ålands kulturstiftelse).

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News

The Puzzle of Collective Self-defence: new article by Sia Spiliopoulou Åkermark

2017-10-12 08:37:00

SiaA new article by Sia Spiliopoulou Åkermark was recently published in Journal of Conflict and Security Law. The article moves across international, European Union (EU) and domestic law while examining the legal puzzle of collective security. The article “The Puzzle of Collective Self-defence: Dangerous Fragmentation or a Window of Opportunity? An Analysis with Finland and the Åland Islands as a Case Study” is open access and was published in Journal of Conflict and Security Law, Volume 22, Issue 2, 1 July 2017. The article can be found here.

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Two researchers in the demilitarisation project contributed in international discussions in Jyväskylä

2017-08-29 13:15:12

Two researchers of the research project Demilitarisation in an increasingly militarised world participated in the workshop ”Democracy, Human Rights and Peace: Contested and Reclaimed” which took place 23-24 August at the University of Jyväskylä (Finland). The workshop is the result of cooperation between three research groups: Civic Constellation II: Debating Democracy and Rights, led by Professor José Maria Rosales, University of Málaga, Spain; Research project Transformations of Concepts and Institutions in the European Polity (TRACE), Jyväskylä university and Research project Demilitarisation in an increasingly militarised world, The Åland Islands Peace Institute.

Saila Heinikoski presented a paper entitled Non-Alignment and Demilitarisation – What Do These Concepts Mean in Today’s World? Sia Spiliopoulou Åkermark presented research under the heading Security, Identity, Self-Government – Reflections on Similarities and Differences Between Greenland and the Åland Islands.

The Conference programme can be found here.

Discourses concerning EU military integration and demilitarisation in the Baltic Sea examined in Journal on Baltic Security

2017-08-18 12:54:57

Saila webbIn an article recently published in the Journal on Baltic Security, researcher Saila Heinikoski examines how European military enhancement is presented necessary with political imperatives, while in contrast, the demilitarisation of the Åland Islands - within the European union - is justified with reference to multilateral agreements. Heinikoski argues that this might be seen as illustrating the differences in justifying military force and its absence. She further concludes, that while the European Union appears as a realist actor in terms of defence, Finland complies with the image of a normative power as far as the Åland Islands are concerned.

Saila Heinikoski is a researcher in the research project “Demilitarisation in an Increasingly Militarised World. International perspectives in a multilevel framework – the case of the Åland Islands”, that is a cooperation between researchers at the Åland Islands Peace Institute and the Arctic Center (University of Lapland, Rovaniemi). Research is supported by the Kone foundation and the Åland Culture Foundation (Ålands kulturstiftelse).

The article, “Pool it or lose it?” – a contrastive analysis of discourses concerning EU military integration and demilitarisation in the Baltic Sea, is open access and can be found in the Journal on Baltic Security Volume 3, issue 1, June 2017, here.

 

New articles on demilitarisation

2017-05-16 09:04:59

New scientific output from the research project ‘Demilitarisation in an increasingly militarised world’, has been published.

Sia Spiliopoulou Åkermark’s article "The Meaning of Airspace Sovereignty Today – A Case Study on Demilitarisation and Functional Airspace Blocks" appears in 86 Nordic Journal of International Law (2017) 91-117.

In this article Spiliopoulou Åkermark examines the trend towards increased fusion of civil and military concepts and institutions in airspace management and regulation, with NEFAB as an example. She argues that such new forms of cooperation seem to pay limited attention to older legal agreements and legal obligations. At the same time, however, the demilitarisation regime for Åland relies on a distinction between what is military and what is civilian. Spiliopoulou Åkermark discusses further the wider importance of the questions raised in her article here.

For questions contact sia[at]peace.ax

In an article published in Swedish speaking magazine "Fredsposten", Researcher Saila Heinikoski describes the 161-years old demilitarisation of Åland in relation to the policies of the 100-year old Republic of Finland. The article (in Swedish) can be found in pdf here.

Article on the demilitarisation and neutralisation of Svalbard

2017-04-27 08:17:44

"Demilitarisation and neutralisation of Svalbard: how has the Svalbard regime been able to meet the changing security realities during almost 100 years of existence?". This is the title of a recent article by researchers Timo Koivurova and Filip Holiencin. The article assesses the experiences of the nearly one hundred years since the adoption of the Svalbard Treaty.

In Article 9 of the Svalbard Treaty it is briefly provided that:

Subject to the rights and duties resulting from the admission of Norway to the League of Nations, Norway undertakes not to create nor to allow the establishment of any naval base in the territories specified in Article 1 and not to construct any fortification in the said territories, which may never be used for warlike purposes.

Koivurova and Holiencin examine the double ambition of a peaceful utilization of the islands while permitting industrial activities by many different states parties. The Svalbard Treaty granted sovereignty over the archipelago to a relatively small state such as Norway, trying thus to keep the islands out of the grip of great powers. The researchers discuss the absence of a dispute solving mechanism in the treaty as well as the increasing commercial as well as geopolitical interests in the region.

The article is Published in Polar Record, Vol 53, Issue 2 (2017).

An interview with Koivurova and Holiencin for High North News can be found here.

The researchers are involved in the research project “Demilitarisation in an Increasingly Militarised World. International perspectives in a multilevel framework – the case of the Åland Islands” which is pursued in a cooperation between the Åland Islands Peace Institute and the University of Lapland with funding from the Kone foundation.

For more information on the project see here.

For more information you can also contact project leader Sia Spiliopoulou Åkermark (sia[at]peace.ax)

Forskarsamtal 15.3.2017.jpg

Picture from a research seminar on the demilitarisation and neutralisation of Svalbard with Filip Holiencin (second from left) as one of the speakers, held in Mariehamn 15.3.2017.

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