Ålands fredsinstitut
The Åland Islands Peace Institute

Hamngatan 4
AX-22100 Mariehamn, Åland, Finland
Tel. +358 18 15570
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the Åland Example


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2 Research projects

Around 50 people attended the Symposium ‘Collective Security, a Rules-Based International Order and the Åland Islands’  held in Mariehamn on 4 and 5 October.

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Here you can listen to an interview 'Svalbard's unknown cousin between Norway and the north pole' (in Swedish) with ÅIPI's Director Sia Spiliopoulou Åkermark and Geir Ulfstein, Professor in public law at the University of Oslo.

Click 'Read More' to see a photo slideshow and a brief summary written by Hasan Akintug, the current research intern at ÅIPI.

Demilitariseringsbok2018The Peace Institute's director, Sia Spiliopoulou Åkermark, has written together with two other researchers, Saila Heinikoski and Pirjo Kleemola-Juntunen, the book "Demilitarization and International Law in Context - The Åland Islands", which has just been published by Routledge.

The demilitarisation and neutralisation of the Åland Islands is a confirmation of, and an exception to, the collective security system in present-day international affairs. Its core idea is that there is no need for military presence in the territory of the islands and that they are to be kept out of military activities. A restricted use of military force has a confidence building effect in cases where competing interests may be so intense that banning the very presence of military force remains the only viable option. The regime of the Åland Islands is the result of pragmatic and contingent political compromises. As such, the case of the Åland Islands offers an alternative trajectory to the increased militarisation we witness around the world today.

SiaIn 2018 the Framework Convention for the Protection on National Minorities (FCNM) celebrates its 20th anniversary. The anniversary is marked with a new publication entitled “20 Years of Dealing with Diversity: Is the Framework Convention at a Cross-Road?”, published by the European Centre for Minority Issues.

Our Head of Research, Sia Spiliopoulou Åkermark, contributed to the publication as an expert of minority issues and as former president of the Advisory Committee of the Framework Convention. She was interviewed to analytically and critically reflect upon the Framework Convention’s contribution until now.

Sia Spiliopoulou Åkermark highlighted the achievement of the FCNM as a legally binding link between the accommodation of minorities and human rights. In addition, Sia mentions the importance of the development of the Advisory Committee as a monitory instrument for the implementation of the Framework Convention favouring continuity and consistence in European efforts on minority matters.

The publication can be found here: http://www.ecmi.de/publications/detail/20-years-of-dealing-with-diversity-is-the-framework-convention-at-a-crossroads-380/

Geir Ulfstein, professor of international law at the University of Oslo and one of the scientific advisors of the research project 'Demilitarisation in an increasingly militarised world...' has been elected as a member of the Humanities and Social Sciences Division of the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. The Academy highlights professor Ulfstein's contribution in creating new research environments for the study of human rights and the rule of law.

See: http://english.dnva.no/c41974/seksjon/vis.html?tid=41993

SiaA new article by Sia Spiliopoulou Åkermark was recently published in Journal of Conflict and Security Law. The article moves across international, European Union (EU) and domestic law while examining the legal puzzle of collective security. The article “The Puzzle of Collective Self-defence: Dangerous Fragmentation or a Window of Opportunity? An Analysis with Finland and the Åland Islands as a Case Study” was published in Journal of Conflict and Security Law, Volume 22, Issue 2, 1 July 2017. The article can be found here.